The role of high pressure in preventing carbon contamination of transparent ceramics during spark plasma sintering

Barak Ratzker, Avital Wagner, Sergey Kalabukhov, Natalya Froumin, Nachum Frage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transparent ceramics sintered in the presence of graphite elements are susceptible to carbon contamination which causes severe transparency loss. Previous studies showed that applying high pressure during spark plasma sintering (SPS) can effectively prevent carbon contamination, but the underlying mechanism remained unclear. A common assumption is that the degree of carbon contamination depends on the CO/CO2 atmosphere sealed inside the closed porosity of sintered bodies and subsequent CO dissociation into CO2 and free carbon. In the present study, we combined sintering experiments on MgAl2O4 and a thermodynamic analysis of the C[sbnd]CO[sbnd]CO2 system. It was concluded that the applied high pressure limits the amount of CO in two ways: early closure of pores at lower sintering temperatures and increasing the total gas pressure inside the mold – favoring stability of CO2. This understanding enables better design of sintering processes of transparent ceramics in a carbon containing atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115252
JournalScripta Materialia
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Carbon contamination
  • High pressure
  • Magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAlO)
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Transparent ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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