El papel del terreno humano y la inteligencia cultural en la guerra híbrida y urbana contemporánea

Translated title of the contribution: The Role of Human Terrain and Cultural Intelligence in Contemporary Hybrid and Urban Warfare

Omer Dostri, Kobi Michael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This article deals with the increasing importance of human terrain and cultural intelligence in the contemporary urban warfare and elaborates on the interfaces between human terrain and cultural intelligence. After defining the concepts and explaining their rationales and necessity we describe the modern historical development of both, emphasizing the American experience in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, and briefly mentioning on the Israeli experience in Lebanon and the Palestinian territories. Using the theoretical foundations of both concepts enables us to add another analytical and theoretical layer to the existing literature. Our main claim is that acquiring an in-depth understanding of the local culture is an essential condition for ensuring the relevance of a military mission. Cultural understanding and knowledge are outcomes of cultural intelligence which obtained by the Human Terrain System that must be a structural and operational means of each military mission and force participates in contemporary hybrid and urban warfare. Recognizing the importance of cultural intelligence led the American military to develop its Human Terrain System. Commanders and team members who took part in the program widely agreed that the Human Terrain System contributes to the relevance and success of the military mission. On the other hand, its operation also sparked criticism, both in military and academic arenas. Despite the methodological, operational, and organizational developments of the Human Terrain System in the American context, gaps still exist, and its assimilation in the combat doctrine and in the intelligence methodology also exist among the security and intelligence agencies in Israel.

Translated title of the contributionThe Role of Human Terrain and Cultural Intelligence in Contemporary Hybrid and Urban Warfare
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)84-102
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • IDF
  • Intelligence
  • US military
  • cultural intelligence
  • culture
  • human terrain
  • intercultural competence
  • methodology
  • military


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