Introduction: Monoclonal Ig deposition disease (MIDD) frequently leads to kidney failure, and a large proportion of these patients would greatly benefit from kidney transplantation. However, data on kidney transplantation outcomes in MIDD are limited. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of long-term renal outcomes of 23 patients with MIDD, including 6 patients who underwent kidney transplantation. Results: The 1-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival (OS) from diagnosis were 95%, 78%, and 65%, respectively. Approximately half of the patients (n = 12) progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with a median time from diagnosis to ESRD of 3.4 years. The 1-, 5-, and 10-year renal survival from diagnosis were 77%, 48%, and 29% respectively. Renal response was observed only in 5 patients (22%), all of them after achieving hematologic complete response. Median OS from diagnosis was significantly better for those who underwent kidney transplantation versus those who remained on dialysis (19.8 years vs. 8.3 years, P = 0.016). Among patients who underwent kidney transplantation, the shortest survival from MIDD diagnosis was 13.7 years and the longest was 27.8 years. Of the 3 patients with kidney transplants who died, the time from the first kidney transplantation to death was 7.4, 18.8, and 20.4 years. Graft loss due to disease recurrence occurred at 4 months and 3.8 years after kidney transplantation in 2 patients who either were not treated or did not respond to treatment. Conclusion: As treatments for MIDD have dramatically improved, more patients are achieving sustained hematologic responses with longer patient and graft survival after kidney transplantation.
- kidney transplantation
- monoclonal Ig deposition disease