The role of simple emotion recognition skills among school aged boys at risk of ADHD

Inna Kats-Gold, Avi Besser, Beatriz Priel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor social skills and behavioral problems are a major component of ADHD. The different explanations offered so far, such as cognitive deficits and deficient self regulation, have not been able fully to account for the various aspects of the social dysfunction, suggesting that other mechanisms might underlay this impairment. Our study sought to assess the emotion recognition of Israeli boys at risk of ADHD, and to evaluate its associations with their social skills. A group of 111 boys (grades 4 and 5) were assigned to an At-risk (n=50) and a control (n=61) group based on their scores in an ADHD symptoms questionnaire. The two groups were matched on age, socio-economic status and class and school environment. Group comparisons revealed that compared to their non-At-risk counterparts, At-risk boys have impaired emotion recognition. Finally, multiple groups Structural Equation Modeling analyses (SEM) demonstrated that emotion misrecognition plays a significant role in the At-risk children's social functioning and behavioral problems compared to its role in the social competence and behavioral problems among the comparison group. Implications for the understanding and treatment of social skills problems among children at risk of ADHD are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-378
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2007

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Emotion recognition
  • Emotional competence
  • Social skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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