The roles of protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation in tumor necrosis factor antitumor effects

Xin Yuan Wang, Michael Kafka, Alexander Dvilansky, Ilana Nathan

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7 Scopus citations


The roles of protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects on L-929- transformed fibroblasts were explored. Genistein and erbstatin, specific inhibitors of tyrosine kinase, had antiproliferative but not cytotoxic effects on the cells by themselves and synergistically enhanced the cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects of TNF-α. Immunoblot analysis with a monoclonal antiphosphotyrosine antibody revealed that TNF, administered for 5-180 min, induced tyrosine dephosphorylation of two pairs of membranal proteins, 34-36 kDa and 50-52 kDa, and potentiated tyrosine phosphorylation of a 115-kDa protein in both the cytosolic and membranal fractions of the cells. A very brief exposure (30 sec) to TNF induced rapid phosphorylation of several proteins, whereas genistein, but not inhibitors of other protein kinases, enhanced this effect of TNF. The results suggest that TNF activity could be potentiated by the inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation and point to specific proteins that are dephosphorylated on tyrosine in response to TNF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1021-1025
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Interferon and Cytokine Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996


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