The Roots dr-drr-’dr in Biblical Hebrew: A New Examination

D Vainstub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes the discerning of two different original etymons in the biblical Hebrew root אדר. In addition to the one most known, which evolved from the original Protosemitic root ’dr meaning “enormous”, there is another one from the original biradical base dr meaning “abundance”. This root, well attested in other Semitic languages, expanded into a triconsonantal pattern by appending an aleph to its head, and thus it resembles in its external form to the first. This interpretation sheds light on some occurrences of the root אדר in the Bible and yields a more accurate understanding of the text in which they appear.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-118
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Northwest Semitic Languages
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 2023


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