The sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus, in an Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system with fish (Sparus aurata) and seaweed (Ulva lactuca): Nitrogen partitioning and proportional configurations

M. Shpigel, L. Shauli, V. Odintsov, D. Ben-Ezra, A. Neori, L. Guttman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

The long-term (460 days) performance of the macroalgivore sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus was evaluated in a semi-commercial land-based Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system. IMTA-produced Ulva lactuca considerably reduced nitrogen loads from the effluents by assimilating 74% of the DN and became itself a valuable crop for P. lividus. U. lactuca showed relatively fast growth and constant high protein and lipid levels throughout the year, presumably due to the continuous steady supply of nutrients from the fish pond and the minimal disturbance by grazers and epiphytes. P. lividus fed IMTA-produced U. lactuca exhibited high somatic growth rate (1.4 mm month−1), high gonad somatic index (SGI), and high quality, bright-orange gonads. Fish assimilated 21.9% of the nitrogen in the feed and their faeces contained 10.1% of it. P. lividus assimilated 13.86% of the nitrogen and their faeces contained 19.9% of it. It is suggested that 4.96 kg of the nitrogen was released during spawning, which occurred in January, May and December. Surface area ratio between the three compartments in the IMTA system was maintained at 1:3:4 for fish, Ulva and sea urchins, respectively. Annual yield production ratio (kg m3 y−1) was 3.5:10:1 for fish, Ulva and sea urchins, respectively. Annual yield using 1365 kg feed (45% protein) was 821, 7045 and 919 kg for fish, Ulva and sea urchins, respectively. Fish attained marketable size at the end of the first year. In addition to enhancing sea urchin performance, using the protein-rich U. lactuca biofilter considerably improved the system's sustainability and waste management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalAquaculture
Volume490
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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