The seven eyes of God

Jonathan Yogev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The image of the stone with seven eyes in the book of Zechariah 3-4 is very puzzling, and has been interpreted in various ways. In this study I will suggest that the most logical interpretation of this image lies in the Babylonian kalû ritual and the well-known mythological Sibittu iconography that was familiar and accepted by the returning Babylonian exiles. This iconography was chosen for a specific reason, and then was given a new identity by the prophet, probably as part of a certain agenda.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-319
Number of pages13
JournalVetus Testamentum
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Akkadian
  • Iconography
  • Neo-Babylonian
  • Seven
  • Sibittu
  • Stars
  • Zechariah

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • History
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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