The Social Experiences of Single Gay Fathers in Israel: An Intersectional Perspective

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Through an intersectional lens, this study explores the experience of being a single gay father by choice in Israeli society, which continues to view the traditional heterosexual two-parent family as the ideal. Analysis of 15 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with single gay Israeli fathers suggests that their experiences are characterized by constant tension between their self-perceived social acceptance and sense of belonging on the one hand and their encounters with discrimination and bias on the other. The findings shed light on the ways in which the fathers' complex experiences are shaped by the intersection between their identity as parents and their two marginalized identities: single male parents and gay fathers. These identities were found to be highly contextual and affected by macro-level factors. As the fathers cope with their environment, they develop a sense of belonging alongside a deep sense of otherness, suggesting that the sense of belonging and the sense of otherness are not binary opposites, but rather two social categories that are continually constructed through the intersection between different identities and their interaction with macro-level factors, making single gay parenthood a multidimensional experience.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11356
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number18
StatePublished - 9 Sep 2022


  • Fathers
  • Heterosexuality
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Israel
  • Male
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities


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