The spectral theorem for quaternionic unbounded normal operators based on the S-spectrum

Daniel Alpay, Fabrizio Colombo, David P. Kimsey

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Abstract

In this paper we prove the spectral theorem for quaternionic unbounded normal operators using the notion of S-spectrum. The proof technique consists of first establishing a spectral theorem for quaternionic bounded normal operators and then using a transformation which maps a quaternionic unbounded normal operator to a quaternionic bounded normal operator. With this paper we complete the foundation of spectral analysis of quaternionic operators. The S-spectrum has been introduced to define the quaternionic functional calculus but it turns out to be the correct object also for the spectral theorem for quaternionic normal operators. The lack of a suitable notion of spectrum was a major obstruction to fully understand the spectral theorem for quaternionic normal operators. A prime motivation for studying the spectral theorem for quaternionic unbounded normal operators is given by the subclass of unbounded antiself adjoint quaternionic operators which play a crucial role in the quaternionic quantum mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023503
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

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