The transition of object to mental manipulation: beyond a species-specific view of intelligence

Moran Bar-Hen-Schweiger, Avishai Henik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many attempts have been made to classify and evaluate the nature of intelligence in humans and other species (referred to as the ‘g’ factor in the former and the G factor in the latter). The search for this essential structure of mental life has generated various models and definitions, yet open questions remain. Specifically, referring to intelligence by overemphasizing the anthropocentric terminology and its ethnocentric overlay is insufficient to account for individual differences and limits its generalizability in biological and cultural contexts. The present work is an attempt to adopt a different perspective on the ‘g/G’ factor and its measurement. We suggest that intelligence, or g/G, is reflected in a biological capacity that evolved from object manipulation in animals, into mental manipulation in humans, in response to various environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-701
Number of pages11
JournalAnimal Cognition
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • G/g factor
  • Intelligence
  • Mental manipulation
  • Object manipulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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