The Vilna Talmud as a reflection of changing patterns of study

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This chapter discusses the publication of the Babylonian Talmud by ’the Widow and Brothers Romm’ between 1880 and 1886 in Vilna, which is considered a landmark event from the perspective of rabbinic culture. The Babylonian Talmud included almost all of the commentaries and reference tools that had become part and parcel of printed volumes of the Talmud starting in the late fifteenth century. It talks about the ’Vilna Shas,’ which was considered a far cry from talmudic texts that had been known in the age of manuscripts and the early stages of print. It also mentions the fourteenth-century vellum Munich Codex Hebraicus MS 95, the oldest complete text of the Babylonian Talmud, which was noted to have sporadic corrections and glosses in the text and margins. As printing evolved in the late fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, publishers added more material to volumes of the Talmud.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry
Subtitle of host publicationJewish Religious Life in Poland since 1750
EditorsFrançois Guesnet, Antony Polonsky
PublisherLiverpool University Press
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781800852044
ISBN (Print)9781906764753
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Publication series

Name Polin : studies in Polish Jewry
ISSN (Print)0268-1056


  • Babylonian Talmud
  • rabbinic culture
  • Vilna Shas
  • talmudic texts


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