Vortex tubes are commonly used as refrigeration devices. We show that the thermal and fluid dynamics of the vortex tube bear the signature of a classic cooling cycle, and quantify its performance as a thermodynamic machine. In the process, we develop simple analytic formulas for the temperature and pressure profiles within the tube. The principal model predictions compare favorably against experimental measurements.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physics|
|State||Published - 15 Sep 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)