The 'yemenite' recension in western manuscript

Ohad Abudraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is well known that the various manuscripts of the Targumim of the Five Scrolls are divided into two primary families: a Western family, comprising manuscripts that were written in Europe and North Africa, and a Yemenite family, exclusively comprising manuscripts of Yemenite provenance. The present article challenges this sharp division by presenting a unique Western manuscript which has adopted a clear Yemenite recension for at least two Targumim of the Five Scrolls. A close comparison reveals unprecedented resemblance between the 'Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurentiana, Plut. III.1' manuscript and the Yemenite textual tradition. Various explanations have been proposed so far in order to determine the origin of the Yemenite version, but given the new evidence it seems preferable to assume that the emergence of the Yemenite recension did not take place in Yemenite or Babylonian regions, but rather in the West.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-93
Number of pages23
JournalAramaic Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013


  • Critical edition
  • Manuscripts
  • Targumim of the Five scrolls
  • Textual criticism
  • Western tradition
  • Yemenite tradition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Religious studies
  • Linguistics and Language


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