Theoretical analysis of the explosion limits of hydrogen-oxygen system

A. Lidor, D. Weihs, E. Sher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Explosion of fuel mixtures is a well-known physical phenomenon, with great importance in many fields. We investigate the 3-branches explosion limits of a hydrogen-oxygen system. Unlike most studies to date which often deal with a part of the ignition limits only, we investigate this phenomenon from a unified approach, by examining the molecular fluctuations in concentration of the chain-carriers within the system. To do so, we use methods from the field of Statistical Thermodynamics. This work presents a Grand Canonical Ensemble model aimed at evaluating the microscopic and macroscopic properties of the system and their fluctuations. Additionally, we perform a numerical simulation using a chemical reaction set, to examine the effects of the fluctuations on the ignition properties, namely to see under which conditions the transition from slow to fast reaction occurs. Preliminary results of the fluctuations analysis, compared with the experimental data and numerical simulations, had shown that the HO2is the dominant chain-carrier in the upper and intermediate explosion limits, when fluctuations in its concentration are above a critical value.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781624104473
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - Grapevine, United States
Duration: 9 Jan 201713 Jan 2017

Publication series

NameAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting


Conference55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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