Theoretical Study of the Ground and Excited Singlet States of Styrene

R. J. Hemley, U. Dinur, V. Vaida, M. Karplus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The singlet-state manifold of styrene is examined by use of extended PPP-CI with geometry optimization and CNDO/S-CI techniques. Excitation energies, natural orbitals, equilibrium geometries, and the ethylenic torsional potential of the lower singlet states are determined. The calculated ground-state geometry is in good agreement with experimental results. The effect of double-excitation Cl on the excited-state properties is found to be important for the S3 state, whose excitation energy after geometry optimization is within 0.2 eV of the S2 state identified in the one-photon absorption spectrum. The S3 state, in spite of its large double excitation contribution, is calculated to have a significant one-photon oscillator strength. Planar minima are calculated for all four singlet states. In contrast to some earlier analyses, the barrier to rotation about the vinyl bond is found to be significant for the S1 state. Implications of the excited-state potential surfaces for styrene photoisomerization dynamics are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-844
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry (all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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