Therapeutic compositions and uses of alpha1-antitrypsin: A patent review (2012-2015)

Yotam Lior, Assaf Geyra, Eli C. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Introduction: Identified as a circulating serine-protease inhibitor, the genetic deficiency of which predisposes to the development of lung emphysema, alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) has recently been found to possess various anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities outside the biochemical inhibition of serine-proteases. AAT is presently extracted from human plasma to supply life-long infusions to patients with genetic AAT deficiency. However, its newly appreciated functions point to extended therapeutic uses; these, alongside modified production attempts, represent a novel and dynamic niche of drug repurposing, set apart from addressing lung emphysema in AAT-deficient individuals.Areas Covered: The review provides a comprehensive summary of patent-protected inventions in the field of novel clinical indications for AAT and innovations in AAT production.Expert Opinion: A molecule no longer patentable per se, presents with novel clinical applications; its mechanism still unfolding. While modified protein sequences are patentable and potentially superior, they are burdened by regulatory setbacks. Thus, recent approaches in the context of AAT appear in patents that describe combinations with other drugs, redefined clinical subclasses, and unique recombinant entities, carefully skirting saturated areas of AAT patentology. It will be fascinating to follow technologies and creative patenting as AAT navigates the trying trades of pharmaceutical industry towards an increasing lineup of unmet clinical needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-589
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Issue number5
StatePublished - 3 May 2016


  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • allograft rejection
  • alpha1 proteinase inhibitor
  • diabetes
  • graft versus host disease
  • immunomodulation
  • inflammation
  • xenoimmune response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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