Thermal expansion of MgTiO3 made by sol-gel technique at temperature range 25–890c

Tamir Tuval, Brian A. Rosen, Roni Z. Shneck, Jacob Zabicky, Giora Kimmel, Helena Dilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


MgTiO3 is a material commonly used in the industry as capacitors and resistors. The high-temperature structure of MgTiO3 has been reported only for materials synthesized by the solid-state method. This study deals with MgTiO3 formed at low temperatures by the sol-gel synthesis technique. Co-precipitated xerogel precursors of nanocrystalline magnesium titanates, with Mg:Ti ratio near 1:1, were subjected to thermal treatment at 1200C for 5 h in air. A sample with fine powders of MgTiO3 (geikielite) as a major phase with Mg2TiO4 (qandilite) as a minor phase was obtained. The powder was scanned on a hot-stage X-ray powder diffractometer at temperatures between 25 and 890C. The lattice parameters and the atomic positions of the two phases were determined as a function of temperature. The thermal expansion coefficients of the geikielite were derived and compared with previously published data using the solid-state synthesis technique, providing insights on trends in materials properties at elevated temperature as a function of synthesis. It was found that the deviation of the present results in comparison to previously reported data do not originate from the method of synthesis but rather from the fact that there is an asymmetric solubility gap in geikielite. The lattice parameters of this study present the property of stoichiometric MgTiO3 and are compared to previously reported non-stoichiometric MgTiO3 with excess of Ti. The values of lattice parameters of the non-stoichiometric versus temperature of geikielite found the same for both solid-state reaction and sol-gel products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number887
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Geikielite
  • High-temperature X-ray diffraction
  • MgTiO
  • Sol-gel technique
  • Thermal expansion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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