Thermal study of naphthylammonium- and naphthylazonaphthylammonium- montmorillonite: XRD and DTA

Z. Yermiyahu, Anna Kogan, I. Lapides, I. Pelly, S. Yariv

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The blue organo-clay color pigment (OCCP) naphthylazonaphthylammonium- montmorillonite was synthesized from the white naphthylammonium-montmorillonite by treating with NaNO2, the azo colorant being located in the interlayer space. The following effects on the basal spacing of naphthylazonaphthylammonium-and naphthylammonium-clay were investigated: (1) the amount of naphthylammonium loading the clay, (2) the amount of NaNO2 used for the staining, (3) aging of the preparation suspension and (4) thermal treatment. Samples were heated at 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360°C and diffracted by X-ray. During aging, some of the dye decomposed. Samples, after one day aging, were investigated by DTA. During the dehydration stage both organo-clays gradually decomposed, the naphthylammonium-clay at 120°C and the OCCP at 180°C. That fraction of organic matter, which did not escape, was air-oxidized at above 200°C and charcoal was obtained. The appearance and size of the DTA exothermic peaks depended on the amount of organic matter, which did not escape and this depended on the total amount of organic matter in the DTA cell. DTA proved that naphthylammonium reacted with NaNO2 to form OCCP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • 4-(1-naphthylazo)-1-naphthylamine
  • Azo dye clay complexes
  • Montmorillonite
  • Naphthyl-1-ammonium
  • Organo-clay
  • Pigments, thermo-XRD-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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