Objective: Perioperative hypothermia might be detrimental to the patient undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. We assessed the efficacy of the Allon thermoregulation system (MTRE Advanced Technologies Ltd, Or-Akiva, Israel) compared with that of routine thermal care in maintaining normothermia during and after off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods: Patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery were perioperatively and randomly warmed with the 2 techniques (n = 45 per group). Core temperature, hemodynamics, and troponin I, interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and interleukin 10 blood levels were assessed. Results: The mean temperature of the patients in the Allon thermoregulation system group (AT group) was significantly (P <. 005) higher than that of the patients receiving routine thermal care (the RTC group); less than 40% of the latter reached 36°C compared with 100% of the former. The cardiac index was higher and the systemic vascular resistance was lower (P <. 05) by 16% and 25%, respectively, in the individuals in the AT group compared with in the individuals in the RTC group during the 4 postoperative hours. End-of-surgery interleukin 6 levels and 24-hour postoperative troponin I levels were significantly (P <. 01) lower in the patients in the AT group than in the RTC group. The RTC group's troponin levels closely correlated with their interleukin 6 levels at the end of the operation (R = 0.51, P =. 002). Conclusions: Unlike routine thermal care, the Allon thermoregulation system maintains core normothermia in more than 80% of patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Normothermia is associated with better cardiac and vascular conditions, a lower cardiac injury rate, and a lower inflammatory response. The close correlation between the increased interleukin 6 and troponin I levels in the routine thermal care group indicates a potential deleterious effect of lowered temperature on the patient's outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine