Third-trimester reference ranges for cerebroplacental ratio and pulsatility index for middle cerebral artery and umbilical artery in normal-growth singleton fetuses in the Israeli population

Efraim Zohav, Eyal Zohav, Mark Rabinovich, Ahmad Alasbah, Simon Shenhav, Hadar Sofer, Yaniv S. Ovadia, Eyal Y. Anteby, Leonti Grin

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The ratio between the fetal umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA-PI) and the middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA-PI) is termed the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR). The CPR represents fetal blood flow redistribution at the early stages of placental insufficiency; moreover, it has predictive value for adverse intrapartum and neonatal outcomes. However, internationally accepted reference ranges for CPR are lacking. Objective: This study sought to establish UA-PI, MCA-PI, and CPR reference ranges in low-risk, normal-growth singleton fetuses during the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective cohort cross-sectional study was performed in the obstetrics ultrasound unit of a university hospital in Israel. We reviewed all fetal and maternal electronic records of pregnant women referred for ultrasound assessment during the third trimester between January 2014 and January 2019. We included only singleton pregnancies with normal anatomy scans and a normal third-trimester estimated fetal weight. The UA-PI, MCA-PI, and CPR reference ranges were reconstructed for each of the vessels for each gestational age between 29 and 41 weeks. Results: A total of 560 pregnancies met the inclusion criteria. Satisfactory waveforms and measurements were obtained in all cases. At least 18 women enrolled at each gestational week. The MCA-PI and CPR values showed a similar parabolic curve during the third trimester of pregnancy, with a peak value at 32 and 33 gestational weeks, respectively. The UA-PI showed a linear and gradual decrease over the gestational age. Conclusions: In this study we established UA-PI, MCA-PI, and CPR reference ranges in low-risk, normal-growth singleton fetuses during the third trimester based on the Israeli population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0025
JournalRambam Maimonides Medical Journal
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Cerebroplacental ratio
  • Fetal doppler
  • Middle cerebral artery
  • Umbilical artery

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