After 20 years of experience with the "open" transaxillary approach, the authors are presently performing the thoracoscopic technique for upper thoracic sympathectomy in severe primary hyperhidrosis. During a period of 14 months, 23 operations were performed and 22 patients had immediate and permanent relief of palmar sweating. The immediate postoperative course was uneventful in all cases. Hospitalization was short, and all patients returned to school and full activity 3 to 5 days after operation. These initial results compare favorably to the "open" method and, pending further experience, are actually better in terms of less pain, early discharge, quicker return to normal activity, and a smaller, less conspicuous scar.
- Palmar hyperhidrosis