Time delays in fission induced by bombardment of Mo with 170- and 180-MeV 32S, 225- and 240-MeV 48Ti, and 300-MeV 58Ni have been measured by observation of crystal blocking of fission fragments. In contrast to earlier measurements with a W target, the results are consistent with fission of a compound nucleus in competition with mainly neutron emission. Most of the fissions happen on a time scale much shorter than attoseconds but there is a significant component of fission with much longer lifetimes. The measurements are reproduced with a standard statistical model, including a Kramers correction to fission widths from the viscosity of hot nuclear matter. These new results support the interpretation of our earlier measurements with a W target, which indicate that there is a transition in heavy-ion-induced fission at large atomic number and mass, from multichance fission in the standard Bohr-Wheeler picture to fission without formation of a compound nucleus. The process is slowed down by nuclear viscosity, with measured delays of order attoseconds.
|Journal||Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics|
|State||Published - 13 Apr 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics