Time-domain design of digital compensators for PWM DC-DC converters

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62 Scopus citations


A time-domain design method for the digital controller of pulsewidth modulation dc-dc converters was developed. The proposed approach is based on the fact that the closed-loop response of a digitally controlled system is largely determined by the first few samples of the compensator. This concept is used to fit a digital PID template to the desired response. The proposed controller design method is carried out in the time domain and, thus, bypasses errors related to the transformation from the continuous to discrete domain and to discretization. The method was tested by simulations and experimentally. Digital PID controllers for experimental buck- and boost-type converters were designed according to the proposed method and implemented on a TMS320LF2407 DSP core. The measured closed-loop attributes were found to be in good agreement with the design goals. The study was further expanded to investigate the possible realistic closed-loop performance that can be obtained from a system that is controlled by a PID template controller, as well as the stability boundaries of the proposed time-domain controller design approach. The results of the study delineate a normalized map of deviation from the target closed-loop performance goals possible for PID control of switch-mode converters and the areas in which the use of this control law is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5928425
Pages (from-to)284-293
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Closed-loop performance
  • DC-DC power converters
  • Digital control
  • Digital signal processing
  • Discrete-time analysis
  • PID control
  • Pulse width modulation converters
  • Stability analysis
  • Time-domain analysis
  • Voltage-mode control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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