The feasibility of a spiral-type solution, periodic both in time and in space, of a reaction-diffusion equation (specifically the FitzHugh-Nagumo system) in an excitable medium is numerically demonstrated. The solution consists of arrays of interacting spiral pairs, which repeatedly create by partial annihilation a system of residual portions (RPs). The latter behaves as a source to the next generation of the spiral-pair array. If basic (highest) translational symmetry is not conserved, pointwise perturbations, above a certain threshold, are shown to be able to destroy the pattern after a certain transient time by changing its symmetry. If the basic translational symmetry is preserved, such perturbations do not cause destruction unless occurring at the nearest vicinity of the RP site. Singular value decomposition methods are used to analyze the structure of the pattern, revealing the importance of the spiral pairs and the RPs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics