Timing and mechanism of late-Pleistocene calcite vein formation across the Dead Sea Fault Zone, northern Israel

Perach Nuriel, Ram Weinberger, Gideon Rosenbaum, Suzanne D. Golding, Jian Xin Zhao, I. Tonguc Uysal, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Michael R. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The emplacement of calcite-filled veins perpendicular to the Dead Sea Fault Zone in northern Israel reflects strain partitioning during transpression. We present structural, geochemical, and U-Th geochronological data that constrain the mechanism, conditions and timing of vein formation. Vein walls are strongly brecciated and commonly cemented with coarsely crystalline calcite, whereas calcite-filled veins are composed of wall-parallel bands of calcite crystals. Elongated blocky and fibrous calcite crystals grew perpendicular to the vein walls and are characterised by a truncate sealing-hiatus morphology, indicating episodes of partial or complete sealing of the fractures during calcite precipitation. Stable isotope and rare-earth element and yttrium (REY) analyses indicate that calcite-filled veins precipitated by karst processes, involving meteoric water and limited fluid-rock interactions. U-Th dating results show a prolonged history of vein growth. While some veins initiated prior to 500ka, the majority of the veins were active between 358 and 17ka. Age constraints on vein activity correspond to an ∼E-W regional shortening phase in this sector of the Dead Sea Fault Zone, associated with an increased component of convergence during the late-Pleistocene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcite veins
  • Carbon isotopes
  • Dead Sea Fault
  • Oxygen isotopes
  • U-Th dating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


Dive into the research topics of 'Timing and mechanism of late-Pleistocene calcite vein formation across the Dead Sea Fault Zone, northern Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this