TiNiSn half-Heusler crystals grown from metallic flux for thermoelectric applications

Tsvika Zilber, Sapir Cohen, David Fuks, Yaniv Gelbstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


A thermoelectric converter (TEC), an array of thermocouples composed of p-type and n-type semiconducting elements, directly converting heat to electricity, is subjected to large temperature gradients in practical operation conditions. To prevent mechanical fractures in the thermocouples, the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between the p-type and n-type elements must be matched reasonably well. The current research paves a route for obtaining a TEC based on polycrystalline n-type and single-crystal based p-type half Heusler (HH) TiNiSn thermoelectric elements with practically the same CTEs. For this purpose, HH TiNiSn crystals were grown using the metal flux method, and their crystallographic and thermoelectric properties were characterized. It was experimentally validated that electron donor levels of 8 × 1019-8x1020 cm−3, originated by grain boundaries in poly-crystalline TiNiSn, can be reduced to the ∼7 × 1018cm−3 range, in single-crystals, allowing upon low acceptor doping concentration, to obtain electronically optimal p-type TiNiSn thermoelectric legs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1132-1138
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2019


  • Half-Heusler
  • Thermoelectric
  • TiNiSn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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