Tissue Acquisition During EBUS-TBNA: Comparison of Cell Blocks Obtained From a 19G Versus 21G Needle

Edward M. Pickering, Van K. Holden, Jonathon E. Heath, Avelino C. Verceles, Or Kalchiem-Dekel, Ashutosh Sachdeva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background:Previous studies have shown that needle gauge size has no significant impact on diagnostic yield during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Our objective was to determine whether cell blocks obtained via the new Flex 19G EBUS-TBNA needle would contain more cellular material based on cell area compared with those obtained from a 21G needle.Methods:A prospective analysis of patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA at our institutions was performed. Sampling of the same lesion(s) with both the Flex 19G and 21G needles was performed in an alternating manner. In total, 47 patients with suspected lung cancer or mediastinal/hilar lymphadenopathy were included with a total of 83 lesions biopsied. Cell block area was calculated using the Aperio ImageScope software.Results:Mean cell area in the Flex 19G group was 7.34±12.46 mm2 compared with 5.23±10.73 mm2 in the 21G group (P=0.02). In the malignant subgroup, the average cell area was 16.16±16.30 mm2 in the Flex 19G group versus 11.09±15.55 mm2 in the 21G group (P=0.02). No significant difference was noted in the mean cell area within the nonmalignant subgroup, 1.80±3.01 mm2 in the 19G group versus 1.56±1.79 mm2 in the 21G group (P=0.60).Conclusion:The cell area obtained via the 19G needle was significantly larger than that obtained with the 21G needle. Further multicenter randomized studies are needed to identify the utility of the Flex 19G needle in diagnosing/subtyping lymphoproliferative disorders and adequacy for molecular testing in non-small cell lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 19G EBUS needle
  • diagnostic bronchoscopy
  • endobronchial ultrasound
  • lymphadenopathy
  • transbronchial needle aspiration

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