Tissue-cultured regeneration and ecological values in major bamboo species

Avinash Sharma, Chowlani Manpoong, Anwesha Gohain, Himanshu Pandey, Gompi Padu, Hage Aku

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Promising specific growth regulators are employed in the tissue cultures of various bamboo species. Specific natural hardening mixtures support the acclimatization and adaptation of bamboo under protected cultivation. Results: The growth regulators like 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D), Naphthale-neacetic Acid (NAA), Thidiazuron (TDZ), 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP), Kinetin, Gelrite, Benzyl Adenine (BA), Indole Butyric Acid (IBA), Coumarin, Putrescine, Gibberellic acid (GA3), Indole Acetic Acid (IAA) has been widely used for callus induction, root regeneration and impos-ing plant regeneration in various species of bamboo such as Bambusa spp. and Dendro-calamus spp. Different combinations of growth regulators and phytohormones have been used for regenerating some of the major bamboo species. Natural hardening materials such as cocopeat, vermicompost, perlite, cow dung, farmyard manure, compost, soil, garden soil, and humus soil have been recommended for the acclimatization and adaptation of bamboo species. Standard combinations of growth regulators and hardening mixtures have imposed tissue culture, acclimatization, and adaptation in major bamboo species. Conclusions: Bamboo contributes to soil fertility improvement and stabilization of the environment. Bamboo species are also involved in managing the biogeochemical cycle and have immense potential for carbon sequestration and human use. This paper aims to review the various growth regulators, natural mixtures, and defined media involved in regenerating major bamboo species through in vitro propagation. In addition, the ecological benefits of safeguarding the environment are also briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalJournal of Ecology and Environment
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bamboo regeneration
  • carbon sequestration
  • climate change
  • growth regu-lators
  • tissue culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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