Titanium to steel joining by spark plasma sintering (SPS) technology

Aslan Miriyev, Adin Stern, Eran Tuval, Sergey Kalabukhov, Zvi Hooper, Nachum Frage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


The bonding of Ti-6Al-4V to low alloy steel (AISI4330) using SPS technique in the 850-950°C temperature range was examined. The formation of a thin (∼1 μm) titanium carbide interfacial layer was observed with a thickness only slightly dependent on the joining temperature. This layer separates the joined metals and prevents the formation of Fe-Ti intermetallics in the bonding zone. The maximal tensile strength of the joints (of about 250 MPa) was achieved for bonding at 950°C for 3.6 ks. The formation of the titanium carbide layer and its evolution are discussed based on the isothermal section of the ternary Fe-Ti-C phase diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Interfacial layer
  • Joining
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Steel
  • Titanium alloy
  • Titanium carbide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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