Toolbox for dispersing carbon nanotubes into polymers to get conductive nanocomposites

Nadia Grossiord, Joachim Loos, Oren Regev, Cor E. Koning

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

504 Scopus citations

Abstract

The three main strategies for dispersing carbon nanotubes (NTs) into a polymer matrix to get conductive nanocomposites are described, and illustrated with some appealing examples. The direct mixing of the NTs and the polymer is the 'simplest' concept to achieve this goal. Other approaches concern the modification of either the polymer matrix or the NT walls in order to improve the wetting of the filler with the matrix material, and thus promote the incorporation of the NTs into the polymer matrix. Most promising results seem to be obtained upon the addition of a third component. The basic concept is the generation of a stable colloidal system containing both a suspension of NTs stabilized by surfactant molecules in water, and polymer latex. After removal of the water, the resulting powder can be processed into the desired shape. This versatile and environmentally benign concept offers low percolation thresholds and relatively high conductivity levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1099
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Mar 2006

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Toolbox for dispersing carbon nanotubes into polymers to get conductive nanocomposites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this