Topical application of mitomycin-C in oesophageal strictures

S. Rosseneu, N. Afzal, B. Yerushalmi, E. Ibarguen-Secchia, P. Lewindon, D. Cameron, T. Mahler, K. Schwagten, H. Köhler, K. J. Lindley, M. Thomson

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76 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Benign oesophageal strictures may occur as a complication of caustic ingestion or severe gastro-oesophageal reflux or as a sequela of oesophageal surgery and other fibrosing conditions. The traditional initial treatment of oesophageal strictures is intraluminal dilation; however, even if frequent, this occasionally may not provide adequate oesophageal lumen capacity or give significant symptom-free intervals, and restricturing after dilation is difficult and challenging. Topical postdilation application of an antifibrotic agent, mitomycin-C, in the treatment of an oesophageal stricture has been described. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight centres participated, with a total of 16 patients (4 girls), median age 48 (range 0-276) months. The causes of stricture were as follows: caustic (10), post-trachea-oesophageal fistula repair (2), peptic (2), Crohn disease (1), and dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (1). The median (range) length and diameter of the strictures were as follows: 22 mm (8-50 mm) and 1.5 mm (1-6 mm). Of the 16 patients, 15 had undergone repeated dilations varying from 3 to more than 1000 (daily self-bouginage) before mitomycin-C, and the median interval between dilations was 4 weeks. Mitomycin-C 0.1 mg/mL was applied after dilation for a median time of 3.5 minutes and a median of 3 (1-12) times. RESULTS: Major success, both endoscopic and clinical improvement or cure, occurred in 10 of 16 patients. In 3 of 16 patients the interval period between dilations increased dramatically. Failure of therapy was considered in 3 of 16. All of the patients remained symptom free for a follow-up time of as long as 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Postdilation application of topical mitomycin-C resulted in major success in 62.5% of patients and partial success in 19%, and it may be a useful strategy in oesophageal strictures of differing causes that are refractory to repeated perendoscopic dilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • Esophageal stricture
  • Mitomycin-C

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