Torsion of uterine adnexa in neonates and children: A report of 20 cases

J. Mordehai, A. J. Mares, Y. Barki, R. Finaly, I. Meizner

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Abstract

Twenty children under the age of 14 years with torsion of the uterine adnexa are discussed. Of the 14 postnatal cases, 8 were associated with additional ovarian pathology whereas in 6 cases the torsion was of normal uterine adnexa. Six additional cases had antenatal torsion with "pseudocyst" formation. All 14 postnatal cases presented as acute abdominal emergency requiring immediate surgery. Only 6 of the 14 had been correctly diagnosed preoperatively, the rest being mostly diagnosed as acute appendicitis. Sonographic studies can improve the preoperative diagnosis. Hemorrhagic necrosis of the adnexa (secondary to the torsion) was found in all cases except one, and necessitated adnexal resection. In only one case preservation of the adnexa was possible. Fixation of the contralateral ovary is recommended in cases of torsion of normal uterine adnexa. All six cases of antenatal torsion were diagnosed by routine ultrasonography during pregnancy between the 29th and 40th week of gestation. The "fluid-fluid" level sign is characteristic of this lesion. These neonates were born in no acute distress and were found to be completely asymptomatic. Hence, they did not require urgent surgery and underwent operation electively at the age of 2 weeks. Resection of the pseudocyst with fixation of the contralateral ovary is the treatment of choice in these cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1195-1199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991

Keywords

  • Torsion of uterine adnexa

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