Incorporation of novel biological agents has become the cornerstone of treatment in multiple myeloma. For the last 4 years we have adopted the more intensified approach, previously published as total therapy 3 by the Arkansas group and used it with local modifications. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Arkansas protocol-based treatment outside clinical trial in a tertiary medical center in Israel. We retrospectively analyzed 23 patients. Seventy-three percent of the patients achieved very good partial remission (VGPR) before autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Eighty-six percent of the patients achieved at least VGPR after tandem ASCT. Two-year overall survival was estimated as 70%. Four patients died during treatment, one as a result of disease progression. We conclude that this protocol is effective and rather safe. Further clinical trials should assess which subgroups of patients would benefit most from this approach.
- Autologous stem cell transplantation
- Total therapy
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