Tourists' attitudes toward the use of animals in tourist attractions

Amir Shani, Abraham Pizam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


To identify tourists' opinions and attitudes on the use of animals in tourist attractions, a qualitative exploratory study was conducted with three focus groups of tourists who visited Orlando, Florida. The findings indicated that the participants' ethical perceptions of animal-based tourist attractions were made up of three hierarchically ordered layers: (1) general justifications for operating such venues, (2) a belief in the driving forces leading to an ethical operation, and (3) the specific conditions required for the ethical operation of animal-based tourist attractions. The results and their meanings are discussed as a framework for future research in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-101
Number of pages17
JournalTourism Analysis
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Animal-based tourist attractions
  • Animals
  • Ethical perceptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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