Toward Improved Accuracy in Chlorine Isotope Analysis: Synthesis Routes for In-House Standards and Characterization via Complementary Mass Spectrometry Methods

Christina Lihl, Julian Renpenning, Steffen Kümmel, Faina Gelman, Heide K.V. Schürner, Martina Daubmeier, Benjamin Heckel, Aileen Melsbach, Anat Bernstein, Orfan Shouakar-Stash, Matthias Gehre, Martin Elsner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing applications of compound-specific chlorine isotope analysis (CSIA) emphasize the need for chlorine isotope standards that bracket a wider range of isotope values in order to ensure accurate results. With one exception (USGS38), however, all international chlorine isotope reference materials (chloride and perchlorate salts) fall within the narrow range of one per mille. Furthermore, compound-specific working standards are required for chlorine CSIA but are not available for most organic substances. We took advantage of isotope effects in chemical dehalogenation reactions to generate (i) silver chloride (CT16) depleted in 37Cl/35Cl and (ii) compound-specific standards of the herbicides acetochlor and S-metolachlor (Aceto2, Metola2) enriched in 37Cl/35Cl. Calibration against the international reference standards USGS38 (-87.90 ‰) and ISL-354 (+0.05 ‰) by complementary methods (gas chromatography-isotope ratio mass spectrometry, GC-IRMS, versus gas chromatography-multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, GC-MC-ICPMS) gave a consensus value of δ37ClCT16 = -26.82 ± 0.18 ‰. Preliminary GC-MC-ICPMS characterization of commercial Aceto1 and Metola1 versus Aceto2 and Metola2 resulted in tentative values of δ37ClAceto1 = 0.29 ± 0.29 ‰, δ37ClAceto2 = 18.54 ± 0.20 ‰, δ37ClMetola1 = -4.28 ± 0.17 ‰ and δ37ClMetola2 = 5.12 ± 0.27 ‰. The possibility to generate chlorine isotope in-house standards with pronounced shifts in isotope values offers a much-needed basis for accurate chlorine CSIA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12290-12297
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume91
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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