Towards Scalable and Unified Example-based Explanation and Outlier Detection

Penny Chong, Ngai-Man Cheung, Yuval Elovici, Alexander Binder

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint

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When neural networks are employed for high-stakes decision making, it is desirable for the neural networks to provide explanation for their prediction in order for us to understand the features that have contributed to the decision. At the same time, it is important to flag potential outliers for in-depth verification by domain experts. In this work we propose to unify two differing aspects of explainability with outlier detection. We argue for a broader adoption of prototype-based student networks capable of providing an example-based explanation for its prediction and at the same time identify regions of similarity between the predicted sample and the examples. The examples are real prototypical cases sampled from the training set via our novel iterative prototype replacement algorithm. Furthermore, we propose to use the prototype similarity scores for identifying outliers. We compare performances in terms of classification, explanation quality, and outlier detection of our proposed network with other baselines. We show that our prototype-based networks beyond similarity kernels deliver meaningful explanation and promising outlier detection results without compromising classification accuracy.
Original languageEnglish GB
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2020


  • cs.LG


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