Towards the development of salt-tolerant potato

John Okoth Omondi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Soil salinity is a major constrain to crop production and climate change accelerates it. It reduces plant water potential, causes ion imbalance, reduce plant growth and productivity, and eventually leads to death of the plant. This is the case in potato. However, potato has coping strategies such as accumulation of proline, an osmoregulator and osmoprotector. In addition, leaching of salts below the root zone is preferred, exogenous application of ascorbic acid and growth hormones are practiced to combat salinity. Breeding and genetic engineering also play key roles in salinity management of potato. Varieties such as: Amisk, BelRus, Bintje, Onaway, Sierra, and Tobique were tolerant in North America, variety Cara in Egypt, Sumi in Korea and varieties Vivaldi and Almera in Mediterranean region. Transgenic lines of Kennebec variety, lines S2 and M48 also proved tolerance due to transcription factor MYB4 encoded by rice Osmyb4 gene.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Anthology on Food Waste Reduction and Alternative Diets for Food and Nutrition Security
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781799853558
ISBN (Print)9781799853541
StatePublished - 17 Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)
  • Medicine (all)


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