Transcranial magnetic stimulation downregulates β-adrenoreceptors in rat cortex

A. Fleischmann, A. Sternheim, A. M. Etgen, C. Li, N. Grisaru, R. H. Belmaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Recently, a method for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the brain has been developed. Thus, it is possible to explore neurochemical and behavioral effects of TMS in rats. Repeated TMS (9 days) reduced β-adrenergic receptor binding in cortex, as does electroconvulsive shock (ECS) and other antidepressant treatments. Thus TMS appears to be a potential antidepressive treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1361-1366
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1996


  • Animal models
  • Depression
  • Electroconvulsive shock (ECS)
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • β-adrenergenic receptors


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