Transcriptomic Changes in Cisplatin-Resistant MCF-7 Cells

Araceli Ruiz-Silvestre, Alfredo Garcia-Venzor, Gisela Ceballos-Cancino, José M. Sánchez-López, Karla Vazquez-Santillan, Gretel Mendoza-Almanza, Floria Lizarraga, Jorge Melendez-Zajgla, Vilma Maldonado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Cisplatin is used for treatment, but the development of resistance in cancer cells is a significant concern. This study aimed to investigate changes in the transcriptomes of cisplatin-resistant MCF7 cells. We conducted RNA sequencing of cisplatin-resistant MCF7 cells, followed by differential expression analysis and bioinformatic investigations to identify changes in gene expression and modified signal transduction pathways. We examined the size and quantity of extracellular vesicles. A total of 724 genes exhibited differential expression, predominantly consisting of protein-coding RNAs. Notably, two long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), NEAT1 and MALAT, were found to be dysregulated. Bioinformatic analysis unveiled dysregulation in processes related to DNA synthesis and repair, cell cycle regulation, immune response, and cellular communication. Additionally, modifications were observed in events associated with extracellular vesicles. Conditioned media from resistant cells conferred resistance to wild-type cells in vitro. Furthermore, there was an increase in the number of vesicles in cisplatin-resistant cells. Cisplatin-resistant MCF7 cells displayed differential RNA expression, including the dysregulation of NEAT1 and MALAT long non-coding RNAs. Key processes related to DNA and extracellular vesicles were found to be altered. The increased number of extracellular vesicles in resistant cells may contribute to acquired resistance in wild-type cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3820
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • MCF-7 cells
  • RNAs
  • breast cancer
  • cisplatin
  • resistance
  • transcriptome
  • vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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