Transmission through a one-dimensional Fibonacci sequence of function potentials

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Abstract

We study transmission and reflection of a plane wave (with wave number k>0) through a one-dimensional array of N function potentials with equal strengths v located on the Fibonacci numbers 1,1,2,3,5,8,... in the limit N. Our results can be summarized as follows: (i) For kopen1[(1+ 5) /2] (a countable dense set on the positive part of the k axis), the system is a perfect reflector; namely, the reflection coefficient equals unity. (Physically, the system is an insulator.) (ii) For k=1/2(2N+1) (N=0,1,2,...) and 3 cos-1>0 with =arctan(v/k), the system may conduct. (The reflection coefficient is strictly smaller than unity.) (iii) For k=1/2(2N+1) (N=0,1,2,...) and 3 cos-1<0, the system is an insulator. (iv) For any k which is a rational noninteger multiple of , the system conducts for small values of v/k and becomes an insulator for large values of v/k. Results (ii) and (iii) are physically remarkable since they imply for fixed k=1/2(2N+1) (N=0,1,2,...) a phase transition between a conductor and an insulator as the strength v varies continuously near k 8. Result (iv) means that at least one phase transition of this kind occurs at any k which is a rational noninteger multiple of , once v/k becomes large enough.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5492-5499
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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