Transoral Endoscopic Plating for Orbital Blowout Fractures

Michael Abba, Alex Abramson, Oded Nahlieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Orbital fractures account for up to 40% of craniofacial injuries. In this article, the authors present the transoral endoscopy-assisted plating technique for treating orbital blowout fractures (OBF). A retrospective analysis of 56 cases treated with transoral endoscopy-assisted approach was performed. Immediate versus delayed surgery decision-making was performed by using our 2-week algorithm. The surgical technique included only transoral incisions, forced duction and "pulse" tests, osteotomy, endoscopic inspections, the reduction with a curved elevator and an indwelling balloon, the retrieval of prolapsed fatty tissue back into the orbit, removal of sharp bony fragments, adaptation of the titanium mesh to the orbital floor and its fixation with screws to stable bony structures, reattachment of the osteotomized lateral wall, and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scan with 3D CT reconstruction. The overall success rate of surgeries was 96%. The resolution of comorbidities resulted in a normal globe position, normal eye movement, and the resolution of diplopia. Postoperative complications were insignificant with one case of surgical edema and one case of infection and sequestration that appeared six months after surgery. These results remained unchanged after 20 to 24 months of follow-up. The suggested minimally invasive transoral technique can be effectively implemented in cases of OBF as well as in cases when the medial wall of the orbit is involved. Our results presented a high success rate with minimal rate of complications, thus our technique is a safe way with minimal morbidity for treating OBF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2835-2839
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Diplopia
  • endoscopy
  • enophthalmos
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • orbital blowout fractures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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