Transvenous treatment of cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas with hydrogel coated coils

Paula Klurfan, T. Gunnarsson, I. Shelef, K. G. terBrugge, R. A. Willinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) with cortical venous reflux may become symptomatic due to venous congestion or intracranial hemorrhage. Venous congestion in the orbit can also occur resulting in proptosis, chemosis, double vision and progressive visual loss. The transvenous approach has been used for selective disconnection of the venous drainage to eliminate the venous congestion and future risk of intracranial bleeding and/or neurological deficit. Hydrogel coated coils (HydroCoil®) expand after contact with blood causing the coils to swell up to five to 11 times a standard 10-system bare platinum coil. Due to this property, HydroCoils could have an advantage over platinum coils in the transvenous approach to embolization of DAVFs. Ten patients with symptomatic cranial DAVF underwent a transvenous embolization using HydroCoils as the only embolic agent or in a combination with bare platinum coils. The patients' characteristics, symptoms, angioarchitecture of the DAVF, treatment, complications and results were analyzed. All the treated DAVFs were disconnected at the end of the procedure. All the patients with orbital symptoms had complete or significant improvement. There were no periprocedural complications. Nine patients had radiological follow-up showing cure. HydroCoils can be used effectively and safely to treat intracranial DAVFs transvenously. The volume expansion of Hydrocoils may have significant advantage over bare platinum coils given the large venous spaces that need to be filled. The use of HydroCoils may decrease the procedure time and consequently reduce the radiation dose to the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalInterventional Neuroradiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cavernous sinus
  • Dural arteriovenous fistulas
  • Embolization
  • Hydrocoil
  • Intracranial
  • Transvenous treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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