Trapping neutral atoms in the field of a vortex pinned by a superconducting nanodisk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Atom chips made of superconducting material can generate magnetic traps with significantly reduced noise. Recently, several designs for superconducting chips have been theoretically analyzed and experimentally tested for cases with many vortices considered as an average vortex density. Here we show theoretically how the magnetic field of a single vortex, pinned by a superconducting nanodisk of radius 100 nm and combined with an external bias field parallel to the disk surface, yields a closed three-dimensional trap for cold atoms. The size of the trap and its height above the superconductor surface are typically tens or hundreds of nanometers. We estimate the average lifetime Ï., of Rb87 (rubidium) atoms (subject to thermal escape and Majorana spin flips) in the range 0.05-1.0 ms. We model the trap in a quantum adiabatic approximation and apply Fermi's rule to estimate the lifetime of Rb87 atoms in the ground state of this trap. We obtain similar lifetimes Ï., as in the semiclassical estimate, in the range 0.05-3.5 ms. We find that Ï., depends on the gradient B0 of the vortex's magnetic field according to Ï.,B02/3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053422
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 27 May 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


Dive into the research topics of 'Trapping neutral atoms in the field of a vortex pinned by a superconducting nanodisk'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this