Trauma amid 'culture of avoidance': Symptom profile of PTSD in Bedouin members of the Israel Defense Forces

Ortal Slobodin, Yael Caspi, Ehud Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The appropriateness and cultural relevance of the construct of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been questioned by previous studies of non-Western populations. The current study examined the symptom profile of PTSD in an ethnic minority group of Bedouin members of the Israel Defense Forces (N=317). Comparing individuals with PTSD to traumatized individuals without PTSD, we identified a pattern of symptoms that differed between the groups: while symptoms from the re-experiencing cluster were those most frequently reported by the PTSD group, avoidance symptoms were the most frequently reported by the traumatized group without PTSD. Our findings highlight the role of sociocultural considerations in the development of trauma-related problems and the special meaning of avoidant strategies for traumatized individuals from non-Western backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bedouin
  • IDF
  • PTSD
  • avoidance
  • trauma

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