The appropriateness and cultural relevance of the construct of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been questioned by previous studies of non-Western populations. The current study examined the symptom profile of PTSD in an ethnic minority group of Bedouin members of the Israel Defense Forces (N=317). Comparing individuals with PTSD to traumatized individuals without PTSD, we identified a pattern of symptoms that differed between the groups: while symptoms from the re-experiencing cluster were those most frequently reported by the PTSD group, avoidance symptoms were the most frequently reported by the traumatized group without PTSD. Our findings highlight the role of sociocultural considerations in the development of trauma-related problems and the special meaning of avoidant strategies for traumatized individuals from non-Western backgrounds.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Culture and Mental Health|
|State||Published - 27 Jan 2014|