Background. Recent guidelines recommended different approaches to hypertension therapy. Our aim was to evaluate trends in blood pressure (BP) management among patients admitted with acute stroke over the past decade. Methods. The study population comprised 6279 consecutive patients, admitted with an acute stroke, and included in a national registry of three consecutive periods conducted during the years 2004-2010. We compared patients' characteristics and temporal trends of antihypertensive therapy utilization before hospital admission. Results. Among 4727 hypertensive patients, 3940 (83%) patients have taken antihypertensive drug therapy-1430 (30.2%) a single agent, 1500 (31.7%) two agents and 1010 (21.4%) three or more antihypertensive agents. The most common class used was renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers (n = 2575; 54%) followed by beta-blockers (n = 2033; 43%). The same pattern was observed in patients treated with monotherapy. The use of RAS blockers and beta-blockers has increased over the years (p < 0.001 for both), whereas the use of diuretics decreased and the use of calcium antagonists remained stable. Among those who were treated with a single agent, the use of diuretics and calcium antagonists decreased and the use of RAS blockers increased, whereas the use of beta-blockers remained unchanged. Conclusions. RAS blockers and beta-blockers are the most common antihypertensive agents used in Israel. Over time, the use of RAS blockers and beta-blockers has increased, whereas the use of diuretics decreased.
- Calcium antagonists
- Hypertension therapy
- Renin-angiotensin-system blockers