Tumor suppressor p53 status does not determine the differentiation- associated G1 cell cycle arrest induced in leukemia cells by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and antioxidants

Thelma Thompson, Michael Danilenko, Lyubomir Vassilev, George P. Studzinski

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Vitamin D derivatives can induce differentiation of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Here, we investigated if the G1 cell cycle block associated with monocytic differentiation is modulated by the p53 status of the cells treated with 1,25D, alone or with plant antioxidants carnosic acid (C) or silibinin (S), and a p38 MAPK inhibitor SB202190 (SB), a combination (D-C/S-SB) previously shown to enhance differentiation of AML p53null cells. D-C/S-SB enhanced differentiation of OCI-AML3 (p53wt) and as expected HL60 (p53null) cells, but not of MOLM-13 (p53wt) cells. Conversely, MOLM-13 (p53wt) cells treated with 1,25D and/or D-C/S-SB, resembled HL60 (p53 null) cells in rapid G1 block, while OCI-AML3 (p53wt) cells showed a delayed G 1 block when treated in a similar way, indicating that there is no relationship between the p53 status and G1 block. Western blot analysis revealed that 1,25D and D-C/S-SB increased the inhibitory phosphorylation levels MEK-1 (P-Thr286), but decreased the levels of activated ERK1/2 (Thr202/Tyr204;Thr185/Tyr187), again without any apparent relationship to the p53 status. Interestingly, the increased levels of p21Waf1/Cip1 were insufficient to promote a G1 block in this system, as only cell lines with increased levels of p27Kip1 and p35Nck5a, an activator of Cdk5, showed a rapid G1 block. Overall, our data show that the p53-p21 axis is unlikely to have a role in differentiation-associated G 1 block in AML cells with wt p53, and that this block is achieved by several, possibly co-operating but redundant pathways, that include inhibition of MEK-1 by p35Nck5a-activated Cdk5.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)344-350
    Number of pages7
    JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 15 Aug 2010

    Keywords

    • 1,25D
    • AML
    • Cell cycle
    • Monocytic differentiation
    • Plant antioxidants
    • SB202190
    • p53

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Oncology
    • Pharmacology
    • Cancer Research

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