Tumorigenicity of IL-1α- and IL-1β-deficient fibrosarcoma cells

Irina Nazarenko, Rachid Marhaba, Eli Reich, Elena Voronov, Mario Vitacolonna, Dagmar Hildebrand, Elena Elter, Mohini Rajasagi, Ron N. Apte, Margot Zöller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Analyzing the growth of fibrosarcoma lines derived from IL-1α-, IL-1β-, or IL-1αβ-knockout (-/-) mice in the immunocompetent host revealed that tumor-derived IL-1α and IL-1β exert strong and opposing effects on immune response induction, which prohibited the evaluation of a potential impact on tumorigenicity. Therefore, in vivo growth of IL-1-deficient tumor lines was evaluated in nu/nu mice and was compared with in vitro growth characteristics. All IL-1-deficient fibrosarcoma lines grow in immunocompromised mice. However, IL-1α-/- β-competent (comp) lines grow more aggressively, efficiently induce angiogenesis, and recruit inflammatory cells. Despite stronger tumorigenicity of IL-βcomp lines, IL-1α strengthens anchorage-independent growth, but both IL-1α and IL-1β support drug resistance. Corresponding to the aggressive growth, IL-1βcomp cells display increased matrix adhesion, motility, and cable formation on matrigel, likely supported by elevated αv3 and matrix metalloproteinase expression. Recruitment of myeloid cells requires IL-1β but is regulated by IL-1α, because inflammatory chemokine and cytokine expression is stronger in IL-1α-/- βcomp than in IL-1wt lines. This regulatory effect of tumor-derived IL-1α is restricted to the tumor environment and does not affect systemic inflammatory response induction by tumor-derived IL-1β. Both sarcoma cell-derived IL-1α and IL-1β promote tumor growth. However, IL-1α exerts regulatory activity on the tumor cell-matrix cross-talk, and only IL-1β initiates systemic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-562
Number of pages14
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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