Turtles All the Way Down: Outlines for a Dynamic Theory of Epistemology

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The most serious problem facing epistemological research is how to establish solid foundations for epistemology within a recursive system of knowing. The aim of this paper is to respond to this problem by presenting some outlines for a dynamic theory of epistemology. This theory suggests that the most basic unshakeable unit of epistemology is a process of differentiation, which is a self-referential activity. This paper elaborates on this thesis and illustrates its relevance to solving the problem of embodiment in Piaget's genetic epistemology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalSystems Research and Behavioral Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2003


  • Bateson
  • Constructivism
  • Embodiment
  • Epistemology
  • Process
  • Recursive hierarchy
  • Self-reference
  • Structuralism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Information Systems and Management


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