Two-fluid model for pneumatic drying of particulate materials

A. Levy, I. Borde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The Two-Fluid model has been used for modeling the flow of particulate materials through pneumatic dryer. The model was solved for a one-dimensional steady-state condition and was applied to the drying process of wet PVC particles in a large-scale pneumatic dryer and to the drying process of wet sand in a laboratory-scale pneumatic dryer. A two-stage drying process was implemented. In the first drying stage, heat transfer controls evaporation from the saturated outer surface of the particle to the surrounding gas. At the second stage, the particles were assumed to have a wet core and a dry outer crust; the evaporation process of the liquid from a particle assumed to be governed by diffusion through the particle crust and by convection into the gas medium. As evaporation proceeds, the wet core shrinks while the particle dries. The drying process is assumed to stop when the moisture content of a particle falls to a predefined value or when the particle riches the exit of the pneumatic dryer. Our developed model was solved numerically and two operating conditions, adiabatic and given pneumatic dryer wall temperature, were simulated. Comparison between the prediction of the numerical models of Rocha and DryPak, (Pakowski, 1996), which were presented by Silva and Correa (1998), with the prediction of our numerical simulation reviled better agreements with DryPak then with the models of Rocha. The results of the developed model were also compared with experimental results of Baeyens et al. (1995) and Rocha.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1788
Number of pages16
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 3 Dec 2001


  • Pneumatic dryer
  • Pneumatic drying
  • Transport systems
  • Two-fluid model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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